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Thesis Guide

General Information

Please submit your licentiate thesis to the Centre for Child Protection’s secretary in two formats:

  • hard copy
  • digital copy in PDF format

Send the digital copy as a PDF file to The file name is your matriculation number (matricola) and surname, e.g., «165776.Alighieri».

Citing Sources

Direct quotes are taken from a source word for word. They correspond exactly to the original text and are indicated with quotation marks (to open: « ; to close: »). Do not modify the wording or word order of the quotation. Maintain any typographical errors or misspellings in the original text (adding « [sic] »  after it). Leave your direct quote in the source’s original language and, if necessary, provide a translation in a footnote.

Paraphrasing is the summarization of a source’s ideas in your own words. Paraphrased passages must also be cited.


When drawing from external sources in the licentiate thesis, it is necessary to separate your own ideas from someone else’s. To claim another person’s ideas as your own is plagiarism.

The following section “Examples of Plagiarism” is from the Georgetown University Honor Council’s webpage What is plagiarism?

Examples of Plagiarism

(The format of the following examples was drawn from Acknowledging The Work of Others illustrating several types of common plagiarism. The passages in boldface reflect plagiarism of the original passage followed in italics by an explanation why they constitute plagiarism.)


“This book has been written against a background of both reckless optimism and reckless despair. It holds that Progress and Doom are two sides of the same medal; that both are articles of superstition, not of faith. It was written out of the conviction that it should be possible to discover the hidden mechanics by which all traditional elements of our political and spiritual world were dissolved into a conglomeration where everything seems to have lost specific value, and has become unrecognizable for human comprehension, unusable for human purpose.”

Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1973 ed.), p.vii, Preface to the First Edition.


A site for editing services, Scribbr, has tips on how to paraphrase without plagiarizing.

Statement of Originality

Students must affirm their adherence to the university’s ethical norms by completing and signing this Statement of Originality and inserting it at the end of their work.

How to Cite Your Sources


  • Short direct quotes (four lines or fewer) remain within the paragraph, with double angle quotes.
  • A direct quote longer than four lines should be placed in an independent paragraph (font size 13 pt) without quotation marks, preceded and followed by one blank line (7 pt), with a margin of 5 mm (0,5 cm) on the left.
  • Insert an ellipsis within square brackets ([…]) where words are omitted in a direct quotation.


Place the footnote reference number after parentheses, after the final quotation mark, and before the final punctuation mark. E.g.:
(if necessary)48.
what the Lord has done for me»17.


  • Compile one list without divisions or sections.
  • List entries in alphabetical order according to authors’ surnames.
  • Font size: 13 pt
  • The space between each entry is 3 pt.
  • The first line of each entry is aligned with the left margin, but additional lines are indented 20 mm.
  • If the thesis requires a reference list for a particular author, this may been done in chronological (when a complete bibliography is recommended) or alphabetical order (when creating a selected bibliography).
  • Omit well-known reference books, such as dictionaries and encyclopedias, if you do not specifically cite them in your footnotes.
  • For dictionary and encyclopedic entries, cite the entry according to its author.
    E.g.: Dᴜᴍᴀɪs, M., «Sermon sur la montagne», DBS, XII, 699-938.



  • Margins: 3 cm
  • Line spacing: single line (1.0) spacing
  • Parts of the thesis, in this order: cover page, introduction, chapters, conclusion, abbreviations and acronyms, bibliography

Font and Font Sizes

  • Font: Times New Roman
  • Body of text (from the introduction to the conclusion): 14 pt
  • Citations longer than four lines: 13 pt
  • Footnotes: 12 pt
  • End matter (abbreviations and acronyms, bibliography): 13 pt

Heading Levels

1. First level (sentence case, boldface, 14 pt)

1.1  Second level (numbers + two spaces + title, sentence case, italics, 14 pt)

1.1.1  Third level (numbers + two spaces + title, sentence case, 14 pt)

a) Fourth level (indented 5 mm, preceded by a blank line in 7 pt)

+ Fifth level (indented 5 mm)